Climat-Québec | Monthly and seasonal summaries
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Monthly and seasonal summaries

This page shows monthly and seasonal weather summaries including an analysis of general conditions as well as a summary of significant weather events.

Winter 2013-2014 (December 1 - February 28)

Winter 2013-2014 was particularly cold over almost the whole province. December was cold and dry while January and February were quite variable temperature and precipitation-wise.


Mean temperatures were generally below normal almost everywhere (1 to 3C below), except over the Bas-St-Laurent region, the Upper North Shore and the Saguenay where temperatures were 1 to 2C above normal. Note that a winter as cold returns every six years on average in Quebec, the last one occurred in 2002-2003. Freezing degree-days(summed degrees below 0C) were 15% higher than average over southern Quebec, which explains the unusually thick river and lake ice. Cold temperatures caused a very high energy demand this winter, a new peak electricity consumption in January and a shortage of gasoline and propane throughout the province.


Total precipitations (snow water equivalent and rain) were generally near normal over southern and western Quebec, above normal over Gaspésie, Côte-Nord, and Anticosti Island (+50%) and below normal elsewhere (up to -50%).

Snowfall was near normal almost everywhere, except in eastern Quebec where 30 to 50% more snow fell. December was very snowy, especially over southern and eastern regions (for example, Quebec City and Gaspé received twice the normal), January was snow-scarce, especially over southwestern regions where a deficit of 50 to 70% was observed, and February was near normal everywhere except over the East where there was double the normal snowfall.

Significant Events:

  • December 9th: 25 cm of snow fell over eastern Québec.
  • December 12 to 18: A cold spell gave temperatures 8 to 12 degrees below daily normals
  • December 15th: 25 to 35 cm of snow fell over southern Québec, and up to 50 cm over the Bas-Saint-Laurent and Gaspésie.
  • December 22nd: The Eastern Townships and Montérégie received 10 to 25 mm of freezing rain and 15 to 30 cm of snow and ice pellets.
  • December 30 to January 4: A cold spell gave temperatures 10 to 15 degrees below daily normals.
  • January 6th: Thawing temperatures affected southwestern Quebec. Temperatures reached +5C in several places, corresponding to anomalies of +5 to +10 degrees.
  • January 11 to 12: 20 to 30 mm of rain and a bit of freezing rain affected southern Québec.
  • January 11 to 19: Thawing temperatures were partially melted the snow cover.
  • January 20 to 24: A 4-day cold spell gave temperatures 10 degrees below normal.
  • Januray 27: Strong snowsqualls caused many accidents, some deathly.
  • February 14: 15 to 35 cm of snow fell over southern Québec.
  • February 15 to 17: Two successive storms gave 50 to 90 cm of snow on the Gaspé Peninsula, Anticosti Island and the Lower North Shore, with wind gusts exceeding 100 km/h.
  • February 19 to 23: A warm spell over southern and eastern Québec with mean temperatures 5 to 10 degrees above normal.
  • February 21st: Up to 10 mm freezing rain fell over regions north of the St. Lawrence River, while regions south received 20 to 25 mm of non-freezing rain

  • * Note: Since February 2014, the monthly and seasonal summaries are done using maps. The tables that used to show data at given weather stations are not shown anymore. If you still wish to see such information, go to this page and choose the right options.